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Encyclopedia of Arab Women Filmakers$
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Rebecca Hillauer

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9789774249433

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774249433.001.0001

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Encyclopedia of Arab Women Filmakers

Rebecca Hillauer

American University in Cairo Press

Algeria made more than 400 movies in 1968. Algerian cinema is a child of the war of liberation against the French colonial power. The fundamentalist terror that struck Algeria in the early 1990s, and which has since cost the lives of 200,000 people has also had a devastating impact on the artistic climate in the country. Algeria's cultural life today is a shadow of its former self. One hundred years have passed since the colonial rulers, and in their wake the French film pioneers, took possession of the country. Many filmmakers have turned their backs on their homeland out of fear for their lives and have had success with their films in other countries. The French colonial rulers in Maghreb insisted on the unconditional assimilation of the native population in contrast to the British in Egypt.

Keywords:   Algeria, liberation, fundamentalist, French colonial power, Maghreb, cinema, film

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