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Encyclopedia of Arab Women Filmakers$
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Rebecca Hillauer

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9789774249433

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774249433.001.0001

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(p.196) Palestine
Encyclopedia of Arab Women Filmakers

Rebecca Hillauer

American University in Cairo Press

Film in Palestine is marked as a sad chapter in the history of film because their film is characterized by war, expulsion, and diaspora. Development in the area of film in Palestine suffers a great deal because of the violence and bombings. The film industry depends on the further developments in the peace process. But despite this, Khadija Abu Ali, the first Palestinian woman filmmaker, managed to make a documentary film in 1982, Atfal, walakin (Children, But). After the war and violence, Palestine was revitalized with the support of Palestinian Authority, and development of Palestinian society and state occurred. These developments shifted the focus of Palestinian filmmaking to Palestine itself. As a result, national cinema and independent cinema are juxtaposed and to some extent, overlapping. Filmmakers such as Norma Marcos, Mai Masri, and Mona Hatoum started to return to Palestine to produce documentary and feature films.

Keywords:   Palestine, documentary, films, peace process, cinema, Khadija Abu Ali, Norma Marcos, Mai Masri, Mona Hatoum, war

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