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Re-Envisioning Egypt 1919-1952$
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Arthur Goldschmidt and Amy J. Johnson

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9789774249006

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774249006.001.0001

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Toward the Democratization of Public Education

Toward the Democratization of Public Education

The Debate in Late Parliamentary Egypt, 1943–52

(p.218) 8 Toward the Democratization of Public Education
Re-Envisioning Egypt 1919-1952

Misako Ikeda

American University in Cairo Press

Public education in Egypt in the aftermath of World War I was a crucial part of the Egyptian nationalist movement, and the expansion of public education was one of the most important goals of the Egyptian government. This chapter highlights the concern of Egyptians for socioeconomic reform and enfranchisement. It argues that although Nasser-era policies regarding free public education and a unified primary curriculum receive much attention, the roots of these approaches emerged in the 1930s and 1940s. Discussing parliamentary, press, and professional pedagogical debates about equality of educational opportunity and the use of education to lessen socioeconomic gaps, this chapter also shows the striking diversity of opinions, while it reminds the reader of the dynamism of professional pedagogical expression as well as the Wafd's role in these debates.

Keywords:   public education, World War I, Egyptian nationalist movement, Egyptian government, Nasser-era policies

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