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Re-Envisioning Egypt 1919-1952$
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Arthur Goldschmidt and Amy J. Johnson

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9789774249006

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774249006.001.0001

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Historical Consciousness for Modern Citizenship

Historical Consciousness for Modern Citizenship

Egyptian Schooling and the Lessons of History during the Constitutional Monarchy

(p.164) 6 Historical Consciousness for Modern Citizenship
Re-Envisioning Egypt 1919-1952

Barak A. Salmoni

American University in Cairo Press

Turning to the ideological component of the pre-1952 Egyptian state's modernization project, this chapter shows how nationalist pedagogues employed education to cultivate a consciousness of civic duty and Egyptian greatness based on particular interpretations of Egypt's ancient and contemporary history. Key historiographical claims about an elite-focused and ideologically unconcerned state, or the 1930s–40s evolution of nationalist reorientations to the East and Islam, remain untested in a central arena for mass socialization. Yet pedagogical inquiry demonstrates that the state was indeed concerned about reaching the masses, utilizing conscious ideological communication to provide present-relevant lessons from a history which throughout the 1920s–52 period focused most of its curricular time on the pharaonic era and reign of Muhammad 'Ali, the latter serving as the continuator of meta-historic Egyptian glory and whose traits young Egyptians were expected to emulate.

Keywords:   Egyptian state's modernization project, civic duty, nationalist reorientations, mass socialization, pharaonic era

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