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Re-Envisioning Egypt 1919-1952$
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Arthur Goldschmidt and Amy J. Johnson

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9789774249006

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774249006.001.0001

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The Generation of 1919

The Generation of 1919

(p.19) 1 The Generation of 1919
Re-Envisioning Egypt 1919-1952

James Whidden

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter focuses on the self-proclaimed embodiment of 1919 and the Egyptian national soul, the Wafd Party. It counters the view that the Wafd was an elitist, only superficially liberal, grouping. Less emphasis has been placed upon ideology than other factors in the analysis of Egyptian politics in this period. Exploring Egyptian political party documents, British government archives, and memoirs, this chapter highlights the ideologically dynamic nature of the 1920s, when ideas of nationhood, citizenship, cultural orientation, labor, and gender remained hotly contested. Ultimately, rather than an elite-driven political consensus during the first decade of Egyptian independence, this chapter finds that the Wafd Party adopted approaches of pre-World War I Egyptian nationalists, and was thus much more radical than scholars have assumed.

Keywords:   Wafd Party, Egyptian politics, political party documents, British government archives, memoirs, World War I Egyptian nationalists

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