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Gender, Behavior, and HealthSchistosomiasis Transmission and Control in Rural Egypt$
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Samiha El Katsha and Susan Watts

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9789774247286

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774247286.001.0001

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The Growing Awareness of Schistosomiasis in Egypt: to 1988

The Growing Awareness of Schistosomiasis in Egypt: to 1988

(p.42) 4 The Growing Awareness of Schistosomiasis in Egypt: to 1988
Gender, Behavior, and Health

Samiha El Katsha

American University in Cairo Press

The possibility of controlling schistosomiasis in Egypt was first considered following the discovery, in Sudan, that the drug tartar emetic (antimony tartrate) was effective against schistosomiasis. The head of the Khartoum hospital—Dr. J. B. Christopherson—began to experiment with tartar emetic, a non-disease specific, all purpose purging poison that was intended to kill off parasites within the human system. The full course of treatment required 12 injections over a four week period, each of which, from the villagers' point of view, meant one day in which he or she could not work, earning subsistence pay. Egyptian epidemiologists from the early 1930s mapped out what they found to be increasingly high schistosomiasis infection rates in areas of perennial irrigation.

Keywords:   Sudan, tartar emetic, tartrate, parasites, irigation

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