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Gender, Behavior, and HealthSchistosomiasis Transmission and Control in Rural Egypt$
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Samiha El Katsha and Susan Watts

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9789774247286

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774247286.001.0001

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Schistosomiasis: A Global Public Health Problem

Schistosomiasis: A Global Public Health Problem

(p.29) 3 Schistosomiasis: A Global Public Health Problem
Gender, Behavior, and Health

Samiha El Katsha

American University in Cairo Press

Schistosomiasis is a chronic, debilitating illness, mostly experienced by poor people in remote rural areas who are ignored by the media. It is transmitted in specific environmental settings, in or near canals, rivers, and lakes containing schistosomes and their intermediate snail hosts. When rural people, especially children, first become infected they suffer intestinal disorders, nutritional deficiencies, and debilitation. Three forms of schistosomiasis—Schistosoma haematobium, Schistosoma mansoni, and Schistosoma japonicum—are of global public health importance. They share many features, in terms of biology they are very distinct parasites. Each has its own distinctive vector snails, survival patterns in the human host, pathology, and path of egg excretion. They also differ in their impact on human morbidity (illness), and in ease of diagnosis and treatment.

Keywords:   rural areas, schistosomes, Schistosoma mansoni, pathology, morbidity

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