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Description of EgyptNotes and Views in Egypt and Nubia$
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Edward William Lane

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9789774245251

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774245251.001.0001

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The Citadel of Musr, or Cairo.

The Citadel of Musr, or Cairo.

(p.91) Chapter XI. The Citadel of Musr, or Cairo.
Description of Egypt

Jason Thompson

American University in Cairo Press

The Citadel (El-Ckal”ah) is situated at the south-eastern extremity of the metropolis, upon an extensive, flat-topped, rocky eminence, about 250 feet above the level of the plain, and near the point of Mount Moockut'tum, which completely commands it. It was founded by Sala'hh ed-Deen (the Saladin of our historians), in the year of the flight 572 (A.D. 1176–7); but not finished till 604; since which it has been the usual residence of the Soolta'ns and governors of Egypt. Before it sits a spacious square, called the Roomey'leh, where a market is held; and where conjurors, musicians, and story-tellers, are often seen each surrounded by a ring of idlers. The Ba'b el-'Az'ab is the principal gate of the Citadel. A great part of the interior of the Citadel is obstructed by ruins and rubbish; and there are many dwelling-houses, and some shops, within it.

Keywords:   Citadel, metropolis, Mount Moockut'tum, Sala'hh ed-Deen, Roomey'leh

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