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Marcus SimaikaFather of Coptic Archaeology$
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Samir Simaika and Nevine Henein

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9789774168239

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774168239.001.0001

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A State Institution

A State Institution

(p.143) 16 A State Institution
Marcus Simaika

Samir Simaika

Nevine Henein

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter discusses Marcus Simaika's role in making the Coptic Museum a state institution of Egypt. In 1920, Fuad I, ruler of Egypt and Sudan from the Muhammad Ali dynasty, visited the Coptic Museum. From that moment, the king conceived the idea of making the Coptic Museum a state museum and asked Simaika to cede the museum to the government. Simaika replied that he would submit the request to Cyril V. All objects in the museum belonged to the Coptic Orthodox Church, and Simaika would not have been able to transfer them from the different monasteries and churches without ecclesiastic approval and on the condition that they be exhibited in an annex to the Muʻallaqa Church and under the care of the priest of that church. The chapter describes the annexation of the Coptic Museum by the state and its nationalization, as well as its acquisitions and collections.

Keywords:   nationalization, Marcus Simaika, Coptic Museum, Egypt, Fuad I, Cyril V, Coptic Orthodox Church, Muʻallaqa Church, museum acquisitions, collections

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