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Marcus SimaikaFather of Coptic Archaeology$
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Samir Simaika and Nevine Henein

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9789774168239

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774168239.001.0001

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The Coptic and Ethiopian Dispute over Deir al-Sultan in Jerusalem

The Coptic and Ethiopian Dispute over Deir al-Sultan in Jerusalem

(p.103) 11 The Coptic and Ethiopian Dispute over Deir al-Sultan in Jerusalem
Marcus Simaika

Samir Simaika

Nevine Henein

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter discusses Marcus Simaika's involvement in the dispute between the Copts and Ethiopians regarding what is known as Deir al-Sultan or the Imperial Monastery in Jerusalem. Ethiopia has long been acquainted with monotheism, and the Ethiopian Church is the largest of all the Oriental Orthodox churches. The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria has a longstanding relationship with the Ethiopian Orthodox Tawahedo Church and the Eritrean Orthodox Tawahedo Church. Tawahedo means 'unified,' referring to the single unified nature of Christ, as opposed to the belief in the two natures of Christ held by the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. The patriarchs of Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem, and many others had refused to accept the two-natures doctrine decreed by the Council of Chalcedon in 451, and these churches are sometimes referred to as monophysite. Simaika maintained that Deir al-Sultan belonged to the Coptic community from time immemorial.

Keywords:   monotheism, Marcus Simaika, Copts, Ethiopia, Deir al-Sultan, Imperial Monastery, Jerusalem, Coptic Orthodox Church, Ethiopian Orthodox Tawahedo Church, Eritrean Orthodox Tawahedo Church

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