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AbusirThe Necropolis of the Sons of the Sun$
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Miroslav Verner

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167904

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167904.001.0001

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In the Shadow of Memphis

In the Shadow of Memphis

(p.1) 1 In the Shadow of Memphis

Miroslav Verner

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter focuses on Memphis, a metropolis of ancient Egypt, and the possibility that it was the site of the remains of monumental temples, royal residences, palaces, and many other urban features. Meni, the legendary unifier of Egypt and founder of the First Dynasty at the turn of the fourth to third millennium BC, is credited with the founding of Memphis. It is believed that, in addition to the stronghold, Meni also founded the Temple of Ptah, the chief god of the new royal seat. The chapter traces the history of Memphis and describes the district of the Temple of Ptah, along with the pyramids, royal tombs, and other structures located in the city. It also considers some of the deities who had their cult in Memphis, including Hathor. Finally, it looks at the pharaohs who built their tombs in Memphis.

Keywords:   monumental temples, Egypt, Meni, Temple of Ptah, Memphis, pyramids, royal tombs, deities, Hathor, pharaohs

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