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Christianity and Monasticism in Northern EgyptBeni Suef, Giza, Cairo, and the Nile Delta$
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Gawdat Gabra and Hany N. Takla

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167775

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167775.001.0001

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The Bashmurite Revolts in the Delta and the ‘Bashmuric Dialect’

The Bashmurite Revolts in the Delta and the ‘Bashmuric Dialect’

(p.33) 4 The Bashmurite Revolts in the Delta and the ‘Bashmuric Dialect’
Christianity and Monasticism in Northern Egypt

Frank Feder

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter examines the history of the famous Bashmuric revolts and introduces the so-called Bashmuric dialect of Coptic. The Bashmuric revolts were recorded by Coptic and Arabic medieval historians and became known to European scholars as early as the beginning of the nineteenth century. In the eighth and ninth centuries, the population of the Delta revolted very successfully for a longer period against the Arab rule and administration. Historians and the History of the Patriarchs attributed the revolts to the insupportable fiscal demands and unjust treatment of the Christian population by the Muslim governors (walis). The appearance of the Bashmuric dialect is first noted in the description of Athanasius of Qus (fourteenth century) in his Coptic grammar written in Arabic. Early scholars (beginning in the seventeenth century) studying Coptic manuscripts then tried to apply Athanasius' division of the Coptic language to the Coptic texts.

Keywords:   Bashmuric revolts, Bashmuric dialect, Christianity, monasticism, Coptic, Athanasius of Qus

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