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Christianity and Monasticism in Northern EgyptBeni Suef, Giza, Cairo, and the Nile Delta$
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Gawdat Gabra and Hany N. Takla

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167775

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167775.001.0001

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Architecture in Kellia

Architecture in Kellia

(p.253) 23 Architecture in Kellia
Christianity and Monasticism in Northern Egypt

Gisèle Hadji-Minaglou

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter describes the architecture of Kellia. At their maximum development, in the sixth and seventh centuries, the settlements of Kellia were covered with hermitages established at a certain distance from each other. These autonomous units were demarcated by enclosures whose size varied, depending on the number of occupants. The enclosures had a rectangular shape with a general southeast-northwest orientation and the habitations were predominantly established in their western corner. The entrance of the hermitage was usually in the south, thus protected from the prevailing winds. A well, dug in the southeastern part of the courtyard, provided the inhabitants with the water for their daily needs as well as for the watering of the garden. Latrines were installed against the southern wall and the sewage was drained out of the enclosure toward the south.

Keywords:   Kellia, architecture, hermitages, Christianity, monasticism

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