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Christianity and Monasticism in Northern EgyptBeni Suef, Giza, Cairo, and the Nile Delta$
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Gawdat Gabra and Hany N. Takla

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167775

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167775.001.0001

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(p.129) 13 Nitria
Christianity and Monasticism in Northern Egypt

Mark Sheridan

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter surveys the history of monasticism in the region of Nitria based on the literary sources available. The principal literary sources for the monastic settlement of Nitria include Rufinus' continuation of Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History up to the death of Theodosius (401–403), the Historia monachorum in Aegypto (395?) in Greek and Rufinus' Latin translation of the same work (404), and the Lausiac Historyof Palladius some twenty years later (420?). There are earlier briefer notices, such as Antony's vision of the death of Ammoun recorded in the Life of Antony, ch. 60 (357?) and Jerome's mention of Macarius, Isidore, and Pambo in his Letter 22 written in 384.

Keywords:   Christianity, monasticism, Christian history, Nitria, Rufinus, Antony, Jerome

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