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Subjects of Empires/Citizens of StatesYemenis in Djibouti and Ethiopia$
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Samson A. Bezabeh

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167294

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167294.001.0001

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State Vision, Imperial Hierarchies: Being a Muslim Yemeni

State Vision, Imperial Hierarchies: Being a Muslim Yemeni

(p.145) 6. State Vision, Imperial Hierarchies: Being a Muslim Yemeni
Subjects of Empires/Citizens of States

Samson A. Bezabeh

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter turns to the field of religion within the state/empire framework. It gives an account of how the various states and empires in the Horn of Africa regarded Islam and how that view structured the existence of Yemenis. While most Yemenis were respected by other Muslims, some were accorded a higher status because they were believed to be direct descendants of the Prophet Muhammad. The Yemeni community itself was divided into four hierarchical groups: the Sada, Masha'ikh, Qabili, and Nakis. Of the four groups, the Sada were considered the proper descendants of the Prophet, as they were able to prove their lineage. The chapter also examines the role of social attitudes that are directly and indirectly linked with the state.

Keywords:   religion, Islam, imperial hierarchies, Sada, Masha'ikh, Qabili, Nakis, social attitudes

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