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Tombs of the South Asasif NecropolisNew Discoveries and Research 2012-2014$
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Elena Pischikova

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167249

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167249.001.0001

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Remarks on the Architecture of the Lichthof in TT 223, Karakhamun

Remarks on the Architecture of the Lichthof in TT 223, Karakhamun

(p.73) 4 Remarks on the Architecture of the Lichthof in TT 223, Karakhamun
Tombs of the South Asasif Necropolis

Dieter Eigner

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter discusses the architecture of the Lichthof in the tomb of Karakhamun and its symbolic meaning. The term “Lichthof” refers to a sunken courtyard below surface level in the Late Period tombs of the Theban necropolis. These courts form a prominent and essential element of architecture in the monumental “temple-tombs” of the Kushite and Saite periods. In general, the architectural design of the Lichthof consists of two pillared porticos, on the north and south side of the court respectively. The Lichthof served as a stage for rituals in honor of the deceased and for the cult of Re-Osiris. The chapter describes the Lichthof in the tomb of Karakhamun and explains the meaning of pr-nw chapels in Karakhamun's court. It also examines the two courts of Mentuemhat's tomb palace and suggests that the architecture of the tomb courts of Karakhamun and Mentuemhat transfers the two-dimensional iconography into a monumental three-dimensional rendition of the abode of Osiris in the netherworld.

Keywords:   architecture, Lichthof, tomb of Karakhamun, temple-tombs, architectural design, pr-nw chapels, Mentuemhat, tomb courts, iconography, Osiris

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