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Crowds and SultansUrban Protest in Late Medieval Egypt and Syria$
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Amina Elbendary

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167171

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167171.001.0001

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(p.202) (p.203) 7 Conclusion
Crowds and Sultans

Amina Elbendary

American University in Cairo Press

This book has interpreted the history of late Mamluk Egypt and Syria “from below,” taking into account the historical experiences of the common people, especially the urban non-elites, in elucidating both the social history and political history of the time. It has identified the range of factors that combined to make Mamluk power more diffused in the late fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. It has described the broad transformations that affected the economic structure of the Mamluk sultanate, the Mamluk culture and society, and the relations between rulers and ruled. This chapter offers general conclusions on the transformations that occurred in Egypt and Syria during the fifteenth century and emphasizes the importance of studying urban protest in the premodern period. It shows that protest is very much alive on the streets of various Arab cities, including those of Egypt and Syria.

Keywords:   urban non-elites, social history, political history, Egypt, Syria, urban protest, premodern period, Mamluk sultanate, Mamluk culture, Mamluk society

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