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Crowds and SultansUrban Protest in Late Medieval Egypt and Syria$
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Amina Elbendary

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167171

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167171.001.0001

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Popularization of Culture and the Bourgeois Trend

Popularization of Culture and the Bourgeois Trend

(p.70) (p.71) 4 Popularization of Culture and the Bourgeois Trend
Crowds and Sultans

Amina Elbendary

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter focuses on the popularization of literature and historiography and the development of the bourgeois trend during the Mamluk period. It first considers the factors behind the popularization of culture and cultural production in the Mamluk sultanate before discussing the collective experiences of urban dwellers and their cultural manifestations, along with the link between social mobility and the bourgeois trend. It then examines changes in Mamluk culture, the rise of new types of patronage and new audiences for popular poetry, the spread of literacy, the emergence of middling classes and of new audiences for written literature, and the increased importance of Sufism. It also describes various manifestations of popularization in written cultural and literary production and compares the Egyptian and Syrian schools of medieval historiography. Finally, it looks at the so-called “civic interest” that connects many of the late Mamluk and early Ottoman historical writings.

Keywords:   literature popularization, historiography, bourgeois trend, Mamluk period, culture popularization, cultural production, social mobility, written literature, Sufism, literary production

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