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Monarchs of the NileNew Revised Edition$
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Aidan Dodson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167164

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167164.001.0001

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The Kings of the Sun

The Kings of the Sun

(p.85) 10 The Kings of the Sun
Monarchs of the Nile

Aidan Dodson

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter looks at the several generations of Eighteenth-Dynasty kings whose histories were tied to “the Aten”—the sun god. The Aten has long been a designation of the physical body of the sun, but during the Eighteenth Dynasty had begun to attain a separate divine status, until, under Amenhotep III, it had become a considerable deity in its own right. However, under Amenhotep IV (later, “Akhenaten”), the Aten was to become something far more: at first paramount, and then effectively sole god. In addition, the chapter also marks a different path in Akhenaten's legacy—the reign of Akhenaten's son, Tutankhamun (“Tutankhaten”), and the “counter-reformation” movement against Atenism.

Keywords:   Aten, Eighteenth Dynasty, Akhenaten, sun god, Tutankhamun, Horemheb, Amenhotep III, Amenhotep IV, Smenkhkare

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