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Monarchs of the NileNew Revised Edition$
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Aidan Dodson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167164

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167164.001.0001

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Collapse and Recovery

Collapse and Recovery

(p.41) 6 Collapse and Recovery
Monarchs of the Nile

Aidan Dodson

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter describes another set of rapid changes to the monarchy occurring after the death of Pepy II and featuring the rise of a Theban regime that opposed the kings of the Ninth/Tenth Dynasty. The rulers who followed the Sixth Dynasty as rulers at Memphis are generally classified as the Seventh and Eighth dynasties, probably to be regarded as a single entity. The latter part of the Sixth Dynasty saw the state on the verge of collapse and the authority of the Memphite pharaoh undermined—so much so that it would embolden a Herakleopolitan king, Akhtoy, to challenge the monarchy. However, the Herakleopolitan success would be short-lived, as Thebes would eventually oppose and usher in the fall of the Herakleopolitan kingdom and come to challenge the pharaohs of the Ninth and Tenth dynasties.

Keywords:   Seventh Dynasty, Eighth Dynasty, Ninth Dynasty, Tenth Dynasty, Eleventh Dynasty, Thebes, Herakleopolis, Akhtoy, Inyotef II, Montjuhotep II

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