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Monarchs of the NileNew Revised Edition$
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Aidan Dodson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9789774167164

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774167164.001.0001

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The First Pyramid Builders

The First Pyramid Builders

(p.21) 4 The First Pyramid Builders
Monarchs of the Nile

Aidan Dodson

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter discusses the kings of the Third and Fourth dynasties, during which pyramid building had flourished. It starts with Djoser, the son and direct successor of Khasekhemwy, and the rise of the architectural genius Imhotep to prominence and, posthumously, to a divine status. The chapter then further chronicles the rather sketchy history of the Third Dynasty's monarchical lineage, which is eventually succeeded by Seneferu of the Fourth Dynasty. The latter in particular oversaw the construction of several monuments during his lifetime and enjoyed a favorable reputation. His son, Khnum-khufu (or simply “Khufu”), did not enjoy the same good reputation as his father's, although he is credited with the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Khufu would be succeeded by Djedefre, who would later be succeeded by his brother and son, Khaefre and Menkaure, both of whom would build Second and Third Pyramids at Giza.

Keywords:   Third Dynasty, Fourth Dynasty, Djoser, Seneferu, Khufu, Djedefre, Menkaure, pyramids, pyramid building, Pyramids of Giza

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