Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Occupied LivesMaintaining Integrity in a Palestinian Refugee Camp in the West Bank$

Nina Gren

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9789774166952

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774166952.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CAIRO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.cairo.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The American University in Cairo Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CSO for personal use. Subscriber: null; date: 25 June 2022

(p.219) Index

(p.219) Index

Source:
Occupied Lives
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
Abbas, Mahmoud 52
Abu-Assad, Hany:
Rana’s Wedding 125
Abu-Lughod, Lila 21, 22, 25
Abu Nahleh, Lamis 128
Aburish, Said K. 131
adulthood 15, 127, 128, 129, 130
age 18, 144, 156
agency 4, 8–10, 19, 193;
from political agency to affirmation of life 95–96;
steadfastness 19, 92, 191;
Aida 37
Al-Ali, Nadje, 22
Allen, Lori 14, 76, 80, 178
Anderson, Benedict 71
anthropology 10, 17, 19;
social anthropology 19, 25
al-Aqsa Intifada 3, 38, 125–26, 174, 192;
death toll and people injured 54–55, 69–70, 71, 78, 79, 133;
economic crisis 58, 79;
PA, lack of political legitimacy 51–53, 59;
political disengagement 4, 51–58, 59, 117, 125, 126, 172–73, 174;
poverty 35, 37;
trapped in the Bethlehem area 56–58;
violence 53–56, 59
Arafat, Yasser 51–52, 98, 175
Arendt, Hannah 9
al-Azza 37
BADIL 37
Baker, Ahmed 88
beating 3, 18, 43, 159, 173
belonging 38, 39, 46, 105, 190, 193;
not-belonging 6, 13, 16, 135
black humor and jokes 12, 97–98
Bohannan, Laura 98
Bornstein, Avram S. 157–58, 162
Bourdieu, Pierre 101;
illusio 4, 19, 94, 175
Bowman, Glenn 24, 102, 141
British Mandate of Palestine 31, 57, 71, 137, 183
calamity 12, 16, 30, 68, 188;
Carsten, Janet 15, 132
checkpoint 57, 67, 83–84, 98, 163, 187;
stopped and being held at 3, 26, 86, 160;
see also mobility
child 68;
affected by extreme violence 55, 65, 69;
beating 159;
birth rate 132;
death 47, 56, 62, 71, 78, 79, 182–84, 185;
having children 15, 117, 130–34, 191;
imprisonment 44, 140;
martyrdom 75, 76, 79, 133;
torture 44, 140;
work 36
(p.220) Christians 24, 38, 72;
Christian migration 38
citizenship 6, 110, 123–24, 136
civil disobedience 43, 192
civilian:
death 55, 70, 182–84;
Israeli civilians 52, 71, 84, 175, 185
conspiracy theories 103–104
curfew 3, 54, 64, 68, 94, 132, 193
Dabbagh, Nadia Taysir 72, 128–29, 158, 181
Das, Veena 28
Dayan, Moshe 135
De Certeau, Michel 10
death 14, 37;
child 47, 56, 62, 71, 79, 182–84, 185;
civilian 55, 70, 182–84;
funeral 41, 63, 64, 145, 155, 180;
normalizing 14, 61, 64, 80, 84, 87–88, 102;
reframing of 14, 70, 192;
religion 87, 88;
see also killing; martyrdom
democracy 161–62, 185
despair 20, 66, 69, 115
DFLP (Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine) 51
Dheisheh camp 2, 31–59;
Bethlehem area 36–38;
city slum 34;
mythicohistory 17–18, 148–50;
overcrowded 34;
‘sense of place’ 190
Dickson-Gómez, Julia 87
dilemmas 5, 190, 193;
personal life goals/collective political aims dilemma 5, 138, 146, 190–91
displacement 7, 18, 31, 47, 146, 149, 190, 193
distrust see trust/distrust
Douglas, Mary 5, 12, 164, 189
Dresch, Paul 25
drug abuse 111, 165, 167
Eastmond, Marita 91
economy/economic issues:
al-Aqsa Intifada, economic crisis 37, 58;
deteriorated economy 4, 7, 47, 136;
relying on kin for economic survival and support 81, 117, 120, 131, 141–46, 153;
socioeconomic classes 35, 37;
see also poverty
education 35, 45, 133, 187, 192;
imprisonment 89–90, 127–28;
United Nations-run school 34, 35, 80, 81, 82
emergency 12–13, 18, 62–69, 149, 188;
emigration 68–69, 80, 190
empowerment 7, 89, 117, 140–41, 190
endurance 4, 19, 62, 79, 92, 93, 101, 115
enjoying oneself 12, 35, 86, 92, 94–98, 126;
resilience 96, 191
everyday life 3, 10–11, 190, 193;
routine 10, 11, 14, 15, 62, 80–82, 93, 188, 192;
exile 5–6, 14, 53;
integration into the new society 5, 6;
returning from 109, 166
Eyerman, Ron 48
family 4, 112;
family reunification permit 58, 123;
importance of family life 117, 125;
‘normal life’ 14, 117;
family relations and kinship 4, 117, 122, 131, 157, 191, 193;
household 142;
ideals and reality of kin obligations 143–46;
relying on kin for economic survival and support 81, 117, 120, 131, 141–46, 153;
struggle to maintain 4, 141, 145, 146
farming 39, 47;
peasant imagery 40
Fatah 51, 52, 53, 108, 123, 149, 175, 176, 187
fearlessness 114, 157, 173
(p.221) fieldwork 20–29;
interviews 29;
methodology 29;
neutrality and objectivity 21
First Intifada 3, 19, 43, 51, 69, 95–96, 140;
death toll and people injured 54–55
flight 2, 46–47, 149
Foucault, Michel 45
gender issues 18;
female gender role 153, 154–55;
Israeli manhood 162–63;
male gender role 48, 66, 114, 129, 144, 153–54, 155, 173, 181;
masculinity and fearlessness 114, 173;
mobility 152;
morality 147, 152, 153–57;
patrilineage 2, 7, 32, 121, 122, 131, 142, 143;
suicide bombing 181
Giddens, Anthony 15, 82, 125
Green Line 3, 57, 58, 68, 107, 124, 165, 170
Hage, Ghassan 20
Halper, Jeff 57–8
Hamas 51, 53, 72, 84, 101, 108, 123, 181
Hammer, Julianne 166
Hazboun, Norma Masriyeh 130
health issues 35, 45, 65–66
helicopter attack 26, 53, 85, 113, 114
Highmore, Ben 11
honor 8, 162, 187, 189, 190, 193;
honor killings 56, 153
hope 4, 62, 94, 96, 99–102, 193;
religion 99–102
house building 15–16, 117, 118–27;
house ownership 118–19;
house demolition 3, 16, 26, 43, 64, 137–39, 160, 166
house searching 3, 21, 43, 54, 139–41, 189
Howell, Signe 17
humiliation 48, 67–68, 139, 140, 141, 167, 187
Ibdaa 24, 35, 42
identity 7;
apolitical identity 44;
national identity formation 48;
Palestinian identity 157, 162;
refugee identity 44–46, 136;
‘son of the camp’ 45–46;
village life and identity formation 42
identity card/passport 6, 32, 39, 124
IDF (Israel Defense Force) 54
illusio 4, 19–20, 94, 175, 185, 193
imprisonment 43, 127–30;
child 44, 140;
education 89–90, 127–28;
heroism of 88–91, 190;
mass arrest 53, 54;
nightly arrest 3, 44, 64, 94, 139;
normalizing 88–92, 188–89;
PA 51;
political imprisonment 3, 43–44, 51, 88–90;
woman 123, 129–30;
see also torture
integrity 4, 8, 61, 147, 188–89, 191, 193
Islam 72, 102, 183–84;
prayer 40, 74, 86, 101, 180;
Qur’an 20, 72, 76, 100, 153, 181;
see also religion
Islamism 52–53;
Islamic Jihad 25, 51, 53;
Islamist parties 38, 51, 52, 53, 155, 175
Israel:
antisemitism 104;
Israeli army 3, 43, 86;
Israeli immorality 158–64, 172;
Israeli occupation 57, 83–84, 110, 146, 159–63, 193;
Jews 24;
‘matrix of control’ 57–58;
Operation Defensive Shield 54, 139;
state of Israel 2, 103, 104
Jackson, Michael 9, 193
Jean-Klein, Iris 18–19, 73, 78–79
Johnson, Penny 77, 122, 128, 171
Junka, Laura 96
(p.222) Kanaana, Sharif 73, 75, 98, 172
Kanaaneh, Rhoda Ann 131, 132, 133–34, 159, 162
Karama 42
Kelly, Tobias 6
Kent, Alexandra 102
Khalili, Laleh 93, 94
Khleifi, Michel:
Wedding in Galilee 125
El-Kholy, Heba 22
killing 3, 102, 182–84;
extrajudicial killing 53, 64, 85, 113;
honor killings 56, 153;
see also death
Kovats-Bernat, J. Christopher 28
League of Arab States 136
Lévi-Strauss, Claude 15
Lindholm, Helena Schulz 159
Lindquist, Galina 9–10, 16, 20, 94, 101
Löfving, Staffan 18
Lybarger, Loren D. 6, 53
Maček, Ivana 12, 67, 98
Malkki, Liisa H. 5, 7, 17, 28, 45, 148–49
marriage 15, 117;
based on kinship and village 41, 122;
between people of different religion 37–38, 122;
considerations behind marriage 121–24;
financial constraints 119–21, 126;
infidelity 111, 167;
marrying an ex-prisoner 128, 129–30;
Martin, JoAnn 11
martyrdom 14, 20, 54–55, 61, 62–64, 69–80, 133, 174, 192, 193;
al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades 181;
child 75, 76, 79, 133;
funeral 63–64, 76, 79, 180, 192;
graffiti 33, 76;
levels of 75;
narratives 73–75, 175–79;
religion 72, 76, 78, 178–79, 181, 183;
social making of martyrs 73–80;
McNay, Lois 9
media 51, 79;
controlled by Israel 53, 103, 179
militia 5, 53, 54
mobility:
a gendered issue 152;
Open Bridges 83;
permit for travel 32, 57, 58;
restrictions on 3, 4, 6, 36, 57, 58, 85–87, 123–24, 145, 146, 163;
modernity 151, 158, 162, 185
Moors, Annelies 128, 171
morality 4, 16–20, 147–86, 192, 193;
gender relations 147, 152, 153–57;
Israeli immorality 158–64, 172;
martyrdom 148;
moral capital 78, 79, 147;
moral community 4, 147, 150–57;
moral contamination 17, 148, 164–71, 185;
moral crisis 16, 189;
moral legitimacy 52;
moral sanctions 153;
mythico-history and moral order 17–18, 148–50;
Palestinians’ moral superiority 17, 30, 147–48, 157–64, 189, 192;
political morality 18–20;
religion 151–52;
sexual mores 111, 125, 145, 151, 158;
space and morality 156–57;
suicide bomber 71, 148, 174–86, 192;
Western moral corruption 157–58, 185
Muslims 24, 38, 72;
see also Islam
Najjar, Najwa:
Pomegranates and Myrrh 125
Nakba/the Catastrophe 2, 11, 18, 46–48, 149, 190;
Nakba Days 150
narrativity 12, 15, 16–18;
lost village life 39;
martyrdom 73–75, 175–79;
moral narratives 167;
Nakba 48
al-Nashif, Esmail 88
nationalism 38;
national identity formation 48;
Palestinian nationalism 7, 19, 40, 45, 71–72, 92, 124, 131, 159, 190
(p.223) new household 15–16, 30, 32–3, 117–35, 146, 191;
financial constraints 119–21;
NGO (nongovernmental organization) 7, 14, 24, 35, 37, 165, 189
Nordstrom, Carolyn, 11
‘normal life’ 4, 11–14, 117, 188;
family life 14, 117;
uncertainty 12, 66–67, 69;
see also everyday life
normalizing 12, 14, 30, 61–115, 187, 192;
abnormality of life 61, 66–68, 83, 125;
absence of a proper life 66–69;
ambiguity 14, 61, 85;
death 14, 61, 64, 80, 84, 87–88, 102;
experiencing ongoing crisis 62–69;
imprisonment 88–92, 188–89;
keeping up daily routine 80–82;
naturalizing violations 82–87;
normality 12, 61, 67;
normalization of immorality 163;
putting ‘normality on hold’ 14, 95, 125;
resilience 61, 70, 87, 96, 99, 114–15;
Omidian, Patricia A. 26–27
Ortner, Sherry B. 19
Oslo Accords 51, 53–54, 56–57
othering 16–17, 158–64, 185, 189
PA (Palestinian Authority) 32, 43, 56–57, 78;
corruption 45, 51, 108, 109, 166, 167;
distrust of 29, 52, 59, 96, 107–109, 123;
lack of political legitimacy 51–53, 59
Palestinian collaborator 107, 109–12, 189
Palestinian refugee 7–8, 11;
benefits 45;
registration as 2, 7, 31–32;
see also refugee
panic 13, 30, 61, 84
parenthood 15, 118, 171–74, 185;
fatherhood 5, 130, 133, 173–74;
having children 15, 117, 130–34, 191;
motherhood 130, 132–33, 134, 140, 172–73, 181
patience 92, 93, 99
Peteet, Julie M. 13, 18, 92, 112, 114, 156, 162, 163, 167, 172, 173
PFLP (Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine) 51
PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) 52, 108, 136, 175
political activism 2, 7–8, 42–51, 78, 191–92;
al-Aqsa Intifada, political disengagement 4, 51–58, 59, 117, 125, 126, 172–73, 174;
nonviolent political activism 43, 54, 96, 192;
woman 171–73, 181
political mobilization 7, 29, 45
poverty 27, 35, 37, 111, 187;
lost of property and land 47, 120
power:
asymmetry of power between Palestinians and Israel 7, 10, 54;
‘technology of power’ 16, 45, 89
Qurei, Ahmed 107
Read, K.E. 17
Red Cross 40
reframing of events 12, 14, 88, 92, 188;
death 14, 70, 192;
reframing home to a political stage 135–41
refugee 7, 190;
liminality 5, 8;
refugee camp:
center of resistance 7, 16;
remaining in 135;
United Nations 2, 40;
see also Dheisheh camp
relatedness 15, 131, 142
religion 24, 38, 102;
death 87, 88;
hope 99–102;
marriage between people of different religion 37–38, 122;
martyrdom 72, 76, 78, 178–79, 181, 183;
see also Islam
remittance 37, 119
(p.224) resettlement 135–36
resignation 19–20, 87, 99
resilience 4, 12, 13, 61, 99, 188, 193;
normalizing 61, 70, 87, 96, 99, 114–15;
tactics of 12, 70, 87, 96, 146, 188, 191
resistance 3, 7, 16;
importance of 19, 141;
morality 18;
provoked by Israeli violations 43, 47, 58–59, 138, 140, 176–77, 184;
see also agency
returning home 5–6, 100, 190, 193;
repatriation 49–50, 136;
right of return 48–51, 93, 100, 136, 149, 193;
UN General Assembly Resolution 194: 16, 49
Robben, Antonius 133
Ron, James 54
Rosaldo, Renato 176
Rosenfeld, Maya 25, 35, 42, 43–44, 47, 54–55, 89, 91, 120, 123
Rothenberg, Celia E. 145, 154–55, 156, 164
Salamandra, Christa 106
sameness 17, 22, 105, 121–22
Scheper-Hughes, Nancy 12–13, 70, 87, 94–95, 98, 113–14
Seng, Yvonne J. 124
Separation Barrier 3, 58, 107, 168, 169–70, 174, 192;
see also mobility
Sharon, Ariel 137, 179
siege 3, 54, 126, 149, 184;
Sarajevo 12, 67, 98
Singerman, Diane 143
sniper 3, 26, 53, 64
social continuity 4, 15–16, 30, 117, 146;
ontological security 15, 82, 125;
social reproduction 14, 117;
see also new households
social network 41, 47, 78, 145–46, 190
solidarity 8, 64, 77, 89, 105, 139, 145, 157, 190, 191
state:
nation-state 5, 6;
Palestinian statehood 49, 190, 192;
statelessness 5, 6, 32
steadfastness 5, 8, 19, 137, 157, 193;
agency 19, 92, 191;
sumud 92–94, 98, 99, 135
Stefansson, Anders H. 113
stigmatization 6, 45, 108, 113, 190
stoicism 62, 113–14, 138, 157
Suárez-Orozco, Marcelo M. 133
suffering and struggle 19, 45, 70, 77, 91, 157, 193
suicide 128–29, 180–81;
collective suicide 178;
suicide bomber 3, 20, 52, 53, 70–71, 80, 102, 178;
martyrdom operation 71, 74;
morality 71, 148, 174–86, 192;
motives 175–77, 180;
woman 177, 180–81;
see also martyrdom; suicide
Swedenburg, Ted 40, 104, 128
Taraki, Lisa 36
Taussig, Michael 14, 61, 84
temporariness 8, 12, 13–14, 16, 135, 189–90
terrorism 8, 177, 179;
torture 18, 44, 89, 90–91, 93, 133;
child 44, 140;
PA 51;
squealing 91, 112, 114;
see also imprisonment
tradition 40, 41, 151, 152, 157–58;
conflict resolution 41–42, 156
transfer 13, 53
trauma 13, 85, 91–92;
cultural trauma 48
trust/distrust 4, 14, 30, 62, 102–14, 115;
distrust of Arab governments 105;
distrust of outsiders 103–107, 113;
distrust of the PA 29, 52, 59, 96, 107–109, 123;
hospitality 62, 113, 115;
Tuastad, Dag H. 121, 143
Turner, Victor 5
(p.225) Turton, David 38
unemployment 3, 35–36, 37, 56, 129, 144, 168
United Nations 7, 48–49, 135;
General Assembly Resolution 194: 16, 49;
refugee camp 2, 40;
United Nations-run school 34, 35, 80, 81, 82;
see also UNRWA
UNRWA (UN Relief and Work Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East) 31–32, 34, 35, 80, 81, 119;
victimhood 66, 96, 148, 174, 185, 192
victimization 45, 141, 190
village life 38–42, 46, 69, 126–27
violence 7;
al-Aqsa Intifada 53–56, 59;
used to living under violence 61–62;
Wass, Betty 124
wedding 41, 83, 95–96, 97, 145;
cultural and political connotations 124–27;
First Intifada and suspension of 95–96, 125;
see also marriage
woman 80–82, 122–23, 131, 140;
divorced/unmarried woman 24, 120–21, 122–23, 150, 153, 155;
domestic violence 56, 91;
endurance 93;
female-headed household 36, 120–21, 144;
imprisonment 123, 129–30;
political activism 171–73, 181;
rape 129, 130;
suicide bomber 177, 180–81;
work 36, 123, 170–71;
see also gender issues
work 35;
child 36;
Israeli labor market 3, 35, 37, 57, 111, 123, 124, 129;
permit for work 32, 58, 85;
questioned work in Israel 167–71, 173–74;
woman 36, 123, 170–71
Yassin, Ahmed 84
Zetter, Roger. 7
Zigon, Jarrett 16, 17, 148
Zionism 39, 104, 159