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Contesting Antiquity in EgyptArchaeologies, Museums, and the Struggle for Identities from World War I to Nasser$
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Donald Malcolm Reid

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9789774166891

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774166891.001.0001

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Contesting Egyptology in the 1930s

Contesting Egyptology in the 1930s

(p.263) 9 Contesting Egyptology in the 1930s
Contesting Antiquity in Egypt

Donald Malcolm Reid

American University in Cairo Press

In the early 1930s, Selim Hassan, Sami Gabra, and Mustafa Amer conducted Egyptian University-sponsored excavations alongside those of the dominant Europeans and Americans. Following Borchardt as head of the German Archaeological Institute in Cairo, Junker also chaired the Egyptian University's Institute of Archaeology until the British forced him out in 1939. Sami Gabra followed Junker in the chair, emerging as the dean of the Egyptian profession. Borchardt—being Jewish—struggled to save his own private research institute in Cairo from the Nazis; a decade after his death in 1938, it reemerged as the Swiss Institute for Architectural and Archaeological Research. Hassan challenged Lacau's successor Drioton for the directorship of the Antiquities Service, but an unlikely alliance of British ambassador Miles Lampson, Drioton, and young King Faruq forced him into retirement until the 1952 revolution. After the French discovery of 21st and 22nd dynasty royal tombs at Tanis in 1939–1940, major foreign-sponsored excavations almost ceased until the UNESCO Nubian salvage campaign of 1960.

Keywords:   Selim Hassan, Sami Gabra, Lacau, Drioton, Borchardt, Junker, Lampson, German Archaeological Institute, Nazis, Faruq

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