In November 1922, just months after Britain's unilateral declaration of Egypt's independence, the discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb was caught up in a decolonization struggle between Egyptian nationalists and Western archaeological interests. Lord Carnarvon's sale of exclusive publication rights to the London Times provoked a storm of opposition in the Arabic, British, and American press. Clashing with the Egyptian Antiquities Service over visitors to the tomb, Howard Carter locked it up, refused to do further work, and sued the Egyptian government. Egypt's new independence, however, proved to have enough teeth to avoid the customary division of the finds between the government and the excavators: Tutankhamun's treasures were all retained in Cairo to become the glory of the Egyptian Museum. The discovery intensified pharaonism as a component of 1920s Egyptian nationalism as Saad Zaghlul, his Wafd Party, and others pushed for fuller independence. Ahmad Shawqi penned a celebrated ode on Tutankhamun. Although both Western and Egyptian “Tutmania” fell off considerably from the 1930s through the 1950s, it surged once more in the 1960s, after full independence enabled Egypt to lend out Tutankhamun objects for blockbuster exhibitions abroad.
Cairo Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.