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Egypt's Desert DreamsDevelopment or Disaster?$
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David Sims

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9789774166686

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774166686.001.0001

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Summing Up

Summing Up

Will Lessons Ever Be Learned?

(p.281) 9 Summing Up
Egypt's Desert Dreams

David Sims

Timothy Mitchell

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter summarizes what little has been achieved in Egypt’s deserts to date, especially in terms of employment and livelihoods created, and the costs of such development efforts, both direct and indirect. It looks at questions of patronage and paternalism and social engineering. It also answers the question of why development has been so elusive, and why lessons are never learned.

Keywords:   Patronage, Paternalism, Social engineering, Development efforts, Employment, Livelihood, Costs

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