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Christianity and Monasticism in Middle Egypt$
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Gawdat Gabra and Hany Takla

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9789774166631

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774166631.001.0001

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Recent Excavations at Bawit

Recent Excavations at Bawit

(p.229) 21 Recent Excavations at Bawit
Christianity and Monasticism in Middle Egypt

Gisèle Hadji-Minaglou

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter discusses the results of excavations at Bawit that were accomplished at the end of the 2012 season. The remains of the Bawit monastery, founded by Apa Apollo, are located near Dashlout, about twenty-five kilometers south of Hermopolis (today Ashmunayn). Apa Apollo's monastery was one of the most important monasteries of Middle Egypt and the site of Bawit has yielded the richest papyrological and epigraphical documentation in the region. Recent work has taken place in two sectors: in the northern and the central parts of the kom. At the northern sector a dwelling quarter has been discovered, and in the central part the North Church has been unearthed again. South of it, a new church, without a doubt the main church of the monastery, was discovered and has been in the process of being excavated since 2008. The South Church and the main basilica go back to the beginning of the seventh century; the latter features rebuilding until the beginning of the ninth century. The North Church was built at the end of the seventh century or the beginning of the eighth century. The pottery survey demonstrates that habitation of the site continued into the tenth and eleventh centuries.

Keywords:   monastery, Bawit, excavations, South Church, North Church, Apa Apollo, Middle Egypt

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