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Christianity and Monasticism in Middle Egypt$
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Gawdat Gabra and Hany Takla

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9789774166631

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774166631.001.0001

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Christianity in Asyut in Modern History

Christianity in Asyut in Modern History

(p.99) 10 Christianity in Asyut in Modern History
Christianity and Monasticism in Middle Egypt

Adel F. Sadek

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter reviews the modern history of the region of Asyut over the past few centuries and the role it played in the overall modern history of Christianity in Egypt. By the second half of the eighteenth century Asyut had taken Girga's place as the capital of Upper Egypt. Asyut is also known as the Copts' “capital,” due to either its large population of Copts—estimated, in the mid-nineteenth century, to be as high as 50 percent of Asyut's entire population—or their economic power and wealth. The city had a strong economy, which can be attributed to its excellent agricultural production as well as its central location through which tourists passed during their Nile cruise between Luxor and Aswan in the winter. American missionaries, who began coming in the middle of the nineteenth century, formed the largest group of missionaries working in Egypt.

Keywords:   Asyut, Christianity, Egypt, Copts, American missionaries, agricultural production

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