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Arab Human Development in the Twenty-first CenturyThe Primacy of Empowerment$
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Bahgat Korany

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9789774166587

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774166587.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CAIRO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.cairo.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The American University in Cairo Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CSO for personal use.date: 13 October 2019

Urbanization, Climate Change, and the Environment

Urbanization, Climate Change, and the Environment

Chapter:
(p.215) Chapter 7 Urbanization, Climate Change, and the Environment
Source:
Arab Human Development in the Twenty-first Century
Author(s):

Zeyad Makhamreh

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774166587.003.0007

This chapter discusses the environmental degradation in Arab countries and the challenges to Arab human security that result from mis-urbanization and climate change. It considers the impact of climate change on natural resources in the Arab countries, and evaluates the role of renewable energy in solving these problems. These challenges are interrelated. Rapid population growth, changing lifestyles, and rising energy consumption have led to high population concentrations in urban centers. This has accelerated the environmental degradation in the main Arab cities, increased pressure on infrastructure, and raised energy consumption. The rising temperatures and frequent droughts accompanying climate change phenomena have exacerbated water shortages and desertification, and decreased agricultural productivity. All of these factors have increased energy consumption. This chapter discusses the scientific and practical solutions that can alleviate their impact. Finally, it suggests ways to empower people to meet these challenges.

Keywords:   urbanization, population growth, slums, air pollution, climate change, renewable energy

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