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Arab Human Development in the Twenty-first CenturyThe Primacy of Empowerment$
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Bahgat Korany

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9789774166587

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774166587.001.0001

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Ending Persistent Poverty:

Ending Persistent Poverty:

Pathways to Reform and Empowerment

(p.139) Chapter 5 Ending Persistent Poverty
Arab Human Development in the Twenty-first Century

Sabria Al-Thawr

American University in Cairo Press

The Arab world possesses ample human resources, with young people making up the highest proportion of the population. It also enjoys tremendous wealth, particularly in the form of oil reserves. Nevertheless, there is a great deal of poverty and income inequality, both within and between states. This inequality is reflected in economic structures, demography, and the distribution of bene?ts. The oil-producing countries enjoy a per-capita GDP almost 24 times as great as that of non-oil producers. Development conditions also differ widely. The oil-producing states are capable of reaching the Millennium Development Goals without dif?culty. The least developed countries, however, trail far behind, particularly those torn by unrest and political conflict, such as Palestine, Somalia, and Yemen. This chapter suggests measures to cope with rising poverty and correct mis-development, from partnership with civil society organizations and the private sector to investment in promoting human capital and especially its hidden asset, youth.

Keywords:   inequality, multidimensional poverty, reform, new social contract, youth, women

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