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Arab Human Development in the Twenty-first CenturyThe Primacy of Empowerment$
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Bahgat Korany

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9789774166587

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774166587.001.0001

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Redefining Development fora New Generation:

Redefining Development fora New Generation:

A Political Economy Analysis

(p.3) Chapter 1 Redefining Development fora New Generation
Arab Human Development in the Twenty-first Century

Bahgat Korany

American University in Cairo Press

The events of the Arab Spring starkly illustrate that average economic growth rates do not constitute development and can even be misleading. Development is defined here as empowerment, starting with restructuring the top of the political system, the equivalent of the body's central nervous system. Empowerment and the primacy of inclusionary decision-making are antithetical to the present neo-patrimonial mode of governance. They affirm the primacy of coordination and partnership in managing the affairs of state and society, in contrast to a control-based model that relies on coercion and compulsion. Empowerment is also at the core of the emerging democratic transition. The methodology adopted here is based on a medical analogy: get the diagnosis and the prescription right-major restructuring-then initiate the change by overcoming the chronic adaptation deficit at the top of the regime. This analogy forms the basis of the book's analytical framework.

Keywords:   development-as-empowerment, political economy framework, legitimacy, adaptation deficit, neo-patrimonial governance

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