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Sustainability and Innovation$
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Salah M. El-Haggar

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9789774166471

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774166471.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CAIRO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.cairo.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The American University in Cairo Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CSO for personal use.date: 29 July 2021

Innovation in the Plastic Industry 2: Upcycle of Plastic Waste: Natural Fiber–Reinforced Plastics

Innovation in the Plastic Industry 2: Upcycle of Plastic Waste: Natural Fiber–Reinforced Plastics

Chapter:
(p.143) Chapter 5 Innovation in the Plastic Industry 2: Upcycle of Plastic Waste: Natural Fiber–Reinforced Plastics
Source:
Sustainability and Innovation
Author(s):

Irene Fahim

Salah M. El-Haggar

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774166471.003.0005

This chapter begins by discussing the plastic industry, types of plastic, and plastic waste. It then turns to the chemical or thermal treatment of natural fibers for use in different applications as a reinforcing medium for polymers or other materials. It describes natural fiber-reinforced plastics (NFRP), which are useful in a number of industrial products, including underground pipes, water supply pipes, rag pipes, shield pipes for communication cables, and highway construction. The remainder of the chapter discusses flexural and tensile stress tests for fiber-reinforced polymers. The effects of fiber reinforcement on virgin low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and recycled LDPE using the flexural and tensile test were investigated using phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid, and sodium hydroxide.

Keywords:   plastics, recycling, plastic production, recycled plastics, natural fiber-reinforced plastics, low-density polyethylene, LDPE, flexural stress, tensile stress, stress tests

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