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Dividing the NileEgypt's Economic Nationalists in the Sudan 1918-56$
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David E. Mills

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9789774166389

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774166389.001.0001

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An Expanded Sudanese Market? Egyptian Exports to the Sudan

An Expanded Sudanese Market? Egyptian Exports to the Sudan

(p.180) 6 An Expanded Sudanese Market? Egyptian Exports to the Sudan
Dividing the Nile

David E. Mills

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter examines the efforts of Egyptians to stimulate export of various agricultural and manufactured goods to the Sudan. The period from the late 1920s through the 1953 decision for Sudanese independence is given special attention because this includes both the Depression and the Second World War, when the possibility of success appeared to be much greater. Chapter six argues that Egyptian exports consistently dominated minor markets in the Sudan, and achieved some success in more lucrative fields, such as cotton textiles, only when foreign competition was severely restricted. The general problem confronting Egyptian exports was that two separate economies had been established by two independent administrations, with differing systems of transport, product distribution, business registration, taxation, and tariffs. Egyptian manufactures simply could not compete with foreign products in the Sudanese free market. Furthermore, even when wartime conditions restricted competition, an anti-Egyptian Condominium administration in the Sudan was able to frustrate entrepreneurs’ hopes through measures designed to maintain the status quo and prevent profiteering.

Keywords:   Manufactured goods, Cotton textiles, Foreign competition, Exports, Tariffs, Free market

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