Agricultural and Industrial Designs on the Sudan
Chapter five contends that Egyptian investment objectives in the Sudan were largely confined to agricultural schemes and were no less exploitative than those managed by British officials. There were few industrial opportunities in the Sudan, but Egyptians were most desirous and capable of agricultural investment. However, despite claims of their right to acquire Sudanese lands, a variety of obstacles prevented Egyptian entrepreneurs from ever taking any concrete steps toward establishing an agricultural scheme. Most importantly, an anti-Egyptian Condominium administration stymied all efforts to acquire sufficient land for a pump-irrigation scheme, with British officials commonly claiming the need to protect the interests of Sudanese peasants and accusing Egyptians of land speculation intentions. Furthermore, Egyptians confronted shortages of Sudanese laborers, difficulties employing the Egyptian fellahin in the Sudan, and problems even identifying sufficiently large parcels of land for sale or available through government concessions.
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