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The Medieval NileRoute, Navigation, and Landscape in Islamic Egypt$
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John Cooper

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9789774166143

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774166143.001.0001

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Local Hazards:

Local Hazards:

Mouths, Cataracts, and Mountains

(p.143) 9 Local Hazards
The Medieval Nile

John P. Cooper

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter investigates the particular hazards and dangers associated with specific locations along the course of the Egyptian Nile, and their impact on the wider navigational landscape. In particular, it identifies the Mediterranean mouths of the main Rosetta and Damietta distributaries as points of imminent danger, particularly during the main navigational seasons of the Mediterranean and the Nile, when a sediment-laden river in full flood met onshore winds and associated wave fields in the Mediterranean. It also considers the navigational obstacle represented by the First Cataract, and navigational pinch-points in Upper Egypt caused by mountains intruding into the river. The data is drawn largely from historical travel accounts with reference to known navigational conditions.

Keywords:   Egypt, Nile, river, navigation, hazards, Nile mouth, First Cataract, mountains

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