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The Medieval NileRoute, Navigation, and Landscape in Islamic Egypt$
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John Cooper

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9789774166143

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774166143.001.0001

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Onward Connections:

Onward Connections:

The Mediterranean and Red Seas

(p.167) 11 Onward Connections
The Medieval Nile

John P. Cooper

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter considers the nature of the relationship between the navigational world of the Egyptian Nile already described with the equally seasonal cycles of navigation taking place on the Mediterranean and Red seas. It identifies the Mediterranean as a basin in which navigation was largely limited to the March-November period, and considers the implications of this timing for navigators and merchants effecting an interface between the two navigational spheres, both in terms of when interaction could take place, and where. It then considers the interface between the Nile and the Red Sea ports of al-Qulzum, al-Quseir and ‘Aydhab, mediated by sometimes lengthy journeys across the Eastern Desert, and considers the relative merits of the various routes between lower Egypt and the destinations to the south of Egypt on the Red Sea.

Keywords:   Egypt, Nile, river, navigation, Mediterranean, Red Sea, seasonality, route, Eastern Desert

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