With the way open for examination of Egypt, numerous Western scholars and travelers appeared on the Nile during the 1820s and 1830s to study and record the remains of ancient Egypt. Foremost was John Gardner Wilkinson who went on to write his immensely influential Manners and Customs of the Ancient Egyptians. Edward William Lane, later famous for his work about the modern Middle East, devoted himself extensively to Egyptology in his early years. The wealthy Scot Robert Hay organized expeditions to record the monuments. From France there was Jean-Jacques Rifaud. Much of their work remained in manuscript, but it became an important resource for Egyptologists in later years. The consular collectors continued and expanded their operations. The largest Egyptological effort during this time was the Franco-Tuscan Expedition, led by Jean François Champollion and Ipollito Rosellini.
Keywords: John Gardner Wilkinson, Manners and Customs of the Ancient Egyptians, Edward William Lane, Robert Hay, Jean-Jacques Rifaud, Jean François Champollion, Franco-Tuscan Expedition, Ipollito Resellini, Travelers
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