Talented individuals continued to make major contributions to Egyptology. Even in Britain, where public support was almost non-existent, the attorney Charles Wycliffe Goodwin became a leading scholar of hieratic in his spare time. In France, Emmanuel de Rougé at last took up where Champollion had left off and raised the study of the ancient Egyptian language to a much higher level. In Germany, Lepsius reigned supreme until he reluctantly had to recognize the accomplishments of Heinrich Brugsch who put ancient Egyptian philology, and especially Demotic studies, on a sound footing. Meanwhile, Lepsius’ achievements included establishment of the basis for ancient Egyptian chronology. In Egypt, the archaeological attainments of Joseph Hekekyan Bey and Alexander Henry Rhind, though little recognized at the time, anticipated the careful methods of later excavators. Yet, the outlook for Egyptology in Egypt appeared problematic at best at the time of Mariette's death in 1881. As it turned out, Egyptology in Egypt and Egyptology in general were about to enter some of their most glorious years.
Keywords: Charles Wycliffe Goodwin, Emmanuel de Rougé, Richard Lepsius, Heinrich Brugsch, Demotic studies, Joseph Hekekyan Bey, Alexander Henry Rhind, Auguste Mariette, Chronology, Excavators, Language, Philology
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