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El Alamein and the Struggle for North AfricaInternational Perspectives from the Twenty-first Century$
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Jill Edwards

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9789774165818

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774165818.001.0001

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Feeding the Fortress: Malta, Summer 1942

Feeding the Fortress: Malta, Summer 1942

(p.152) (p.153) 8 Feeding the Fortress: Malta, Summer 1942
El Alamein and the Struggle for North Africa

Thomas Scheben

American University in Cairo Press

how did the population of the small but strategically important island in mid-Mediterranean manage to hold-out under conditions of siege and near starvation? This chapter is an account of the trials of the summer of 1942 in Malta, examines the Maltese citizens' combination of tenacity, and of determination not to follow the Greeks into Axis subjection, and their acceptance of a draconian plan of rationing based on one imposed on the British, equally reliant on food imports. Had Malta collapsed, it would have been as inestimable a loss to the Allies as an asset to the Axis.

Keywords:   Malta as strategic airbase, Requisitioning and supply lines, Supply convoys, Luftwaffe bombing of Malta, Albert Kesselring, Condition of Maltese civilians, Rationing, Victory Kitchens

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