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Temple of the WorldSanctuaries, Cults, and Mysteries of Ancient Egypt$
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Miroslav Verner

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9789774165634

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774165634.001.0001

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Philae: The Pearl of Egypt

Philae: The Pearl of Egypt

(p.400) (p.401) (p.402) (p.403) 9Philae: The Pearl of Egypt
Temple of the World

Miroslav Verner

American University in Cairo Press

With its grand monuments mirrored in the waters of the Nile, the island of Philae, by the southern edge of the First Cataract not far from Aswan, is one of the most enchanting places in Egypt. In the Late, Ptolemaic, and Roman Periods a huge complex of sacred buildings was progressively created on the island. Dominated by the temple of the goddess Isis, the complex owes its splendour not only to the Egyptian and Ptolemaic kings but also to the Nubian Meroitic rulers. Following the completion of the first Aswan Dam in 1902, the temple complex at Philae became partially submerged in water. The entire temple would be dismantled into individual blocks and put together again on the artificially raised island of Agilkia, some distance away.

Keywords:   Philae, Egypt, First Cataract, Ptolemaic, Roman, Nubian, Meroitic, Isis, the Abaton, Osiris, Aswan Dam, Agilkia

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