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Temple of the WorldSanctuaries, Cults, and Mysteries of Ancient Egypt$
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Miroslav Verner

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9789774165634

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774165634.001.0001

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Tanis: The Thebes of the North

Tanis: The Thebes of the North

(p.319) (p.320) (p.321) 7Tanis: The Thebes of the North
Temple of the World

Miroslav Verner

American University in Cairo Press

Originally, Tanis was just a provincial town, the center of the nineteenth Lower Egyptian nome. It owed its rise to its position as the starting point for an important trade route into Palestine and beyond into Syria. Scholars accompanying Napoleon's military expedition to Egypt made the first modern plan of this famous archaeological site. The great building program initiated in Tanis by Pasbakhaenniut I was ideologically based on the cult of the Theban Triad: Amun, Mut, and Khonsu. The Great Amun Temple founded by Pasbakhaenniut I and built up by subsequent kings of the Twenty-first and Twenty-second Dynasties must have been a grand structure comparable to Amun's temples in Luxor and Karnak once it was completed. The French archaeologist Pierre Montet discovered in the late 1930s the burial chamber and treasures of Tanis.

Keywords:   Tanis, Thebes of the North, Amun, cult, Theban Triad, Pasbakhaenniut I, Montet, burial chamber

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