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Temple of the WorldSanctuaries, Cults, and Mysteries of Ancient Egypt$
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Miroslav Verner

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9789774165634

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774165634.001.0001

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Alexander’s City by Egypt

Alexander’s City by Egypt

(p.482) (p.483) (p.484) (p.485) 12 Alexander’s City by Egypt
Temple of the World

Miroslav Verner

American University in Cairo Press

Alexandria was founded shortly after Alexander the Great's conquest of Egypt in 332 BC but it is not clear whether the founding of the city took place before or after Alexander's celebrated visit to the oracle of Amun in the Siwa Oasis. Alexander's dream of Alexandria becoming the capital of the ancient world, an aspiration not relinquished by the Ptolemies, was not as unrealistic as it might seem at first sight. Alexandria was meant to be not merely the capital of the known world but the center of all knowledge and learning. The intention was to bring all accessible and movable important monuments, works of art, and learned texts together in Alexandria.

Keywords:   Alexander the Great, Alexandria, knowledge, Museion, Pompey's Column, Serapis, legacy

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