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The Red Sea from Byzantium to the CaliphateAD 500-1000$
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Timothy Power

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9789774165443

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774165443.001.0001

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The ‘Long’ Eighth Century

The ‘Long’ Eighth Century

(CA. 685–830)

(p.102) (p.103) 3 The ‘Long’ Eighth Century
The Red Sea from Byzantium to the Caliphate

Timothy Power

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter examines the development of Red Sea ports and hinterlands prior to the fragmentation of the caliphate in the ninth century. The emergence and interaction of local regions such as the Sinai, Hijaz, Yemen and Sudan are considered in turn. Particular attention is given to the economic development of the Red Sea in this period, exploring the mineral exploitation of the Arabian-Nubian shield and the Arab trade in African slaves, which together drove continued Arab conquest and consolidation of the Bejaland.

Keywords:   Early Islamic, Red Sea, Arabian-Nubian Shield, mineral exploitation, Arab slave trade, Bejaland

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