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Arab Spring in EgyptRevolution and Beyond (A Tahrir Studies Edition)$
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Bahgat Korany and Rabab El-Mahdi

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9789774165368

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774165368.001.0001

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Dynamics of a Stagnant Religious Discourse and the Rise of New Secular Movements in Egypt

Dynamics of a Stagnant Religious Discourse and the Rise of New Secular Movements in Egypt

Chapter:
(p.63) 4 Dynamics of a Stagnant Religious Discourse and the Rise of New Secular Movements in Egypt
Source:
Arab Spring in Egypt
Author(s):

Nadine Sika

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774165368.003.0005

This chapter analyzes the extent to which the Egyptian public sphere, especially religious institutions were controlled by the ruling authoritarian regime. Eventually, both the state's dominance over institutions and society, along with the established religious institutions' discourse, became stagnant, which precipitated the development of new social movements that were able to mobilize people beyond the stagnant religious discourse. These developed a new discourse, based on human rights, freedoms and social equality. Through developing their new discourse, new secular social movements did not undermine Egyptian's religious consciousness, but rather developed new ideals, in harmony with the Egyptian political culture, but beyond the constraints of the main religious institutions.

Keywords:   Public Sphere, Al-Azhar, The Coptic Orthodox Church, Social Movements, Authoritarianism

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