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Arab Spring in EgyptRevolution and Beyond (A Tahrir Studies Edition)$
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Bahgat Korany and Rabab El-Mahdi

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9789774165368

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774165368.001.0001

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Democratization and Constitutional Reform in Egypt and Indonesia: Evaluating the Role of the Military

Democratization and Constitutional Reform in Egypt and Indonesia: Evaluating the Role of the Military

Chapter:
(p.223) 11 Democratization and Constitutional Reform in Egypt and Indonesia: Evaluating the Role of the Military
Source:
Arab Spring in Egypt
Author(s):

Javed Maswood

Usha Natarajan

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774165368.003.0012

This chapter does a comparative analysis of democratic transition in Indonesia following the Asian financial crisis and collapse of the New Order military regime, and the Egyptian transition following the 2011 revolutionary uprising that unseated President Hosni Mubarak. The historical similarities between the two cases are numerous and include the established principle of extensive military involvement in internal politics and the national economy and extend to the nature of the collapse of military dictatorship. Democratic transition and consolidation is not easy but it was a process that was relatively well managed in Indonesia and the military ultimately withdrew from national politics to become a more professional institution. The success of democratic consolidation in Egypt will require a similar professionalization of the military and this chapter analyzes this prospect through the lens of constitutionalism and political reforms. It is uncertain how this complex interplay between civilian and military authorities will play out in the Egyptian context and whether the democratic transition will lend to easy consolidation or end in a series of ups and downs.

Keywords:   Military and Democracy, Democratic Transition, Comparative Indonesian and Egyptian Politics, Constitutional Reforms

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