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The Bazaar in the Islamic CityDesign, Culture, and History$
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Mohammad Gharipour

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9789774165290

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774165290.001.0001

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Form and Function

Form and Function

On Politics and the Morphology of the Bazaar in Yazd

(p.251) 11 Form and Function
The Bazaar in the Islamic City

Ali Modarres

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter discusses the impact of politics on the transformation of the form and function of the bazaar in Yazd, especially after the 19th century. Given the historical importance of Yazd to the international market, particularly India, this chapter examines the significance of the rise and fall of the spice route and explores how European interventions at various times affected the location, function, size, and spatial structure of the bazaar in this city. The author illustrates distinctions between the political and economic intentions of local and national rulers, and how these differing political outlooks may have affected the form and function of the bazaar. Exploring the second half of the 19th century, he assesses how the colonial intentions of the British government produced a particular spatial outcome for the city and its bazaar. By establishing an in-depth understanding of the bazaar prior to the 20th century, the author shows the impact of modernization on the bazaar caused by the introduction of modern urban planning strategies. He discusses the bazaar's spatial modifications against new narratives of identity and images of modernity and progress, including the changing political dynamics within Yazd and Iran.

Keywords:   Spice route trade, silk and garment industry, Qajar, Zoroastrians, relationship with British colonial administration, Yazd urban development, bazaar and ulama, modern malls

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