Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Understanding Islamic FundamentalismThe Theological and Ideological Basis of al-Qa'ida's Political Tactics$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Sayed Khatab

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9789774164996

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774164996.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CAIRO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.cairo.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The American University in Cairo Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CSO for personal use.date: 28 June 2022

The Origins of Fundamentalism

The Origins of Fundamentalism

(p.27) 2 The Origins of Fundamentalism
Understanding Islamic Fundamentalism

Sayed Khatab

American University in Cairo Press

This chapter examines four medieval movements to which al-Qa'ida networks are the legatees. The four sections of this chapter focus on Kharijism, 'Ibadism, Hanbalism, and Wahhabism. Kharijism is the ideology of the Kharijis (al-Khawarij), the first rebel group to take the law into its own hands and change the government by force in the early decades of Islam. 'Ibadism (al-'Ibadiya) is the ideology of a Khariji offshoot, which survives to this day. Hanbalism refers to the Islamic school of law that was named after its founder, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, and represents another trend within Sunni Islam. The last section concentrates on the ideology of Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab, from whose name the term ‘Wahhabism’ derives. It investigates this ideology within the Ottoman-Turkish and Arab-Islamic contexts. The link between Wahhabism and both earlier and later movements, including al-Qa'ida, is also outlined. Overall, these sections link medieval to modern movements, including al-Qa'ida, and highlight the similarities and differences between them.

Keywords:   Islamic fundamentalism, Qa'ida, Kharijism, 'Ibadism, Hanbalism, Wahhabism

Cairo Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .