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Nubian EncountersThe Story of the Nubian Ethnological Survey 19611964$
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Nicholas S. Hopkins and Sohair R. Mehanna

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9789774164019

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774164019.001.0001

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Socioeconomic Implications of the Waterwheel in Adindan, Nubia

Socioeconomic Implications of the Waterwheel in Adindan, Nubia

(p.123) Socioeconomic Implications of the Waterwheel in Adindan, Nubia
Nubian Encounters

Nicholas S. Hopkins

Sohair R. Mehanna

American University in Cairo Press

In Adindan, the waterwheel system permeates all aspects of social and economic life. It irrigates the land and it also helps protect the land from becoming unusable through fragmentation. At the same time, it perpetuates and strengthens certain social and economic ties between members of the community. On the one hand, poverty and the inadequacy of resources encourages people to migrate and leave their land; on the other hand the desire to fully utilize existing resources leads the people to give up some of their individual rights. The waterwheel has helped create a method of partnership in the ownership of cows used to run the machine, and a useful system of land division, both of which strengthen the relationship of the various houses within families. The systems that relate to the waterwheel are quite rigid for a combination of mathematical as well as ecological reasons.

Keywords:   cultivation, irrigation, cow ownership, land ownership, Ballana

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