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Race and Slavery in the Middle EastHistories of Trans-Saharan Africans in 19th-Century Egypt, Sudan, and
the Ottoman Mediterranean$
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Terence Walz and Kenneth M. Cuno

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9789774163982

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774163982.001.0001

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Slavery and Social Life in Nineteenth-Century Turco-Egyptian Khartoum

Slavery and Social Life in Nineteenth-Century Turco-Egyptian Khartoum

Chapter:
(p.147) 6 Slavery and Social Life in Nineteenth-Century Turco-Egyptian Khartoum
Source:
Race and Slavery in the Middle East
Author(s):

Terence Walz

Kenneth M. Cuno

Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:10.5743/cairo/9789774163982.003.0007

Turkish policies involved rapid expansion of commerce, slavery and slave trade, migration, urbanization, and social dislocation. This chapter elucidates on one aspect of this extraordinary transformation, namely the development of urbanism as a way of life and leisure. Examining the life of marginal groups in nineteenth-century Khartoum offers a new perspective on Sudanese history in which Anglo-Egyptian colonial rule (1898–1956) tends to be seen as the main catalyst for social change. The few studies that dealt with the legacy of slavery in northeastern and North Africa have focused mainly on the role of ex-slaves in the dissemination of the zar cult (spirit possession) and other religious practices. Fair's work illustrates the numerous ways in which former slaves realized emancipation at both the ideological and practical levels as well as dramatic transformations in personal identities.

Keywords:   commerce, urbanization, social dislocation, zar, emancipation

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