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Race and Slavery in the Middle EastHistories of Trans-Saharan Africans in 19th-Century Egypt, Sudan, and
the Ottoman Mediterranean$
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Terence Walz and Kenneth M. Cuno

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9789774163982

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774163982.001.0001

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“My Ninth Master was a European”

“My Ninth Master was a European”

Enslaved Blacks in European Households in Egypt, 1798–1848

(p.99) 4 “My Ninth Master was a European”
Race and Slavery in the Middle East

Terence Walz

Kenneth M. Cuno

American University in Cairo Press

Many enslaved Africans lived in households headed by Europeans in Cairo and Alexandria during the nineteenth century. African slaves who were owned by the Europeans were generally Christians by culture, if not always by frequent church attendance. They were often diplomats, doctors, merchants, military officers, or employees of the Egyptian government. As migrants to Egypt, European masters and African slaves alike acculturated to local views and practices. The practice of taking a slave wife has counterparts in other cross-cultural and colonial situations, and similar domestic arrangements were made by Egyptian men with African slave women. The working-class Saint-Simonian Voilquin and the high-society Saint Elme each elicited interesting, detailed, and intimate information from their male and female sources about the lives of African slaves in European households.

Keywords:   Cairo, diplomats, merchants, African slaves, Saint Elme

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