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Held in TrustWaqf in the Islamic World$
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Pascale Gazaleh

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9789774163937

Published to Cairo Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5743/cairo/9789774163937.001.0001

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Guild Waqf: Between Religious Law and Common Law

Guild Waqf: Between Religious Law and Common Law

(p.135) 6 Guild Waqf: Between Religious Law and Common Law
Held in Trust

Nelly Hanna

American University in Cairo Press

The study of waqf is a field that has known intensive scholarly work, this institution having for many decades been explored by legal scholars and historians who have scrutinized waqf law and the provisions that regulated it. The literature on this subject is consequently extensive and has allowed historians to understand waqf better than many other Islamic institutions. As explained by this chapter, tension between a waning imperial government and increasingly powerful provincial groups was accompanied by conflicts over mutual rights and responsibilities. In times of change, furthermore, various groups—including state actors—attempted to put forth competing definitions of waqf, reshaping its meaning to suit their purposes. In the fascinating cases of guild waqfs examined by this chapter, artisans made use of waqf as an institution that fulfilled their collective need at a particular moment of uncertainty and economic insecurity.

Keywords:   waqf, Islamic institutions, provincial groups, mutual rights, artisans, economic insecurity

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